The Iowa Sexual Abuse Examination Payment Program was established in to pay the cost of evidentiary examinations in sexual abuse crimes. Iowa Code section Evidence of sexual abuse deteriorates ificantly during the seventy-two hours immediately following an assault and is best collected within the first twelve hours after a crime. Because of emotional and physical trauma, sexual assault victims often have difficulty deciding whether or not to report the crime to law enforcement within this time frame.
The State of Iowa pays for the sexual assault examination regardless of whether the victim reports the crime to law enforcement. The purpose of this policy is to ensure that prosecutors and law enforcement officers will have evidence efficiently and effectively collected if the victim later reports that crime. Neither a victim, nor the the victim's insurance company, should be billed.
Hospitals, physicians and other medical providers who collect and process evidence of sexual abuse submit bills directly to the Sexual Abuse Examination Payment Program. In the event that a victim is erroneously billed and pays for the cost of the evidence collection, the program will reimburse that victim.
That fund is comprised entirely of fines and penalties paid by convicted criminals.
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